Types of Dental Implants and Reasons for Getting One

We would all like to have an uninhibited natural smile, but for many who may have an oral and dental issue, a beautiful smile is not natural to them. That’s where dental implants come in and they have changed many lives for the  better for years. As per a report from the American Academy of Implant Dentistry indicates about 500,000 people are receiving dental implants every year to solve a variety of dental issues.   

The report states that the success rate of dental implants is data is 98%. This minute rejection ratio of 2% shows dental implants are not complex and incompatible like other physical implants. These statistics are indicative of the fact that more people are putting their trust into dental implants and getting back their normal oral and dental state.

In this article, we will shed some light on different aspects associated with dental implants.

Variety of Dental Implants

There are various types of dental implants. Some get inserted into the jaw bone while others sit on the top of the bone.

Endosteal or Root Form Implants

Endosteal or root form implants are directly inserted into the jaw bone. Usually, these dental implants resembling nails, cones, and screws are recommended for patients not facing any complication with the tissues surrounding the jaw bone. To support bridges and crowns, endosteal implants made of rectangular plates are also employed.

Usually, endosteal implants are fixed in two stages. In the first phase, the original implant was surgically inserted into the jaw bone. In the second phase, artificial tooth or teeth are connected to the original implant through surgery, once the adjacent bone tissue has healed.

Subperiosteal Implants

Subperiosteal implants are recommended to the patients not having enough tissues around their affected jaw bone.  These implants are usually fixed over the existing jaw bone and below gum tissues. Subperiosteal implants structures are usually muscular than root form implants and host multiple teeth in their fittings.  

Transosseous Implants

Patients with more aggravated dental state need these implants which need an extensive surgical procedure and a need overnight stay in a hospital. Patients with nearly diminished lower jaw (very little amount of gum tissues in lower jaws and no teeth) get prescribed for the lengthy procedure of getting transosseous implants.

Two metallic shafts are inserted through the chin bone. Once they sit in the cavity of the lower jaw, tailored dentures, designed according to patient’s need, are put in the place.

Ramus Frame Implants

People facing the problem of lower jaw bone are recommended to have ramus frame implants. A few-hour surgery is needed to insert this implant into the posterior corners of the oral cavity.

General Procedure of Dental Implantations

Most of the dental implants are employed to replace missing tooth or multiple teeth and consist of two major steps.  

Osseointegration

In the first step, a dental surgeon inserts the implant into the jaw bone or sets on the top of it. These implants get naturally bonded into the bone through a phenomenon called osseointegration. Implant gets affixed more firmly in the place as the surrounding tissues get healed.

Fitting of Dental Crown or Artificial Tooth

Once the implant gets anchored in the place, artificial teeth, dental crowns and dentures get fixed in implants. All these dental fixtures are mostly designed according to the unique shape and structure of oral cavity of individual patients.   

Why Consider Dental Implants?

There are many reasons to consider dental implants on different issues of oral health. Some of them are mentioned below.

  •  Getting dental implants at right time can prevent further degradation of jaw bone which consequently helps in maintaining the overall facial bone structure in its original and disoriented form.
  •  Unlike dentures, implants are a long-term dental solution because they get naturally fixed into the oral cavity.
  •  Most of the quality dental implants are made of titanium. Titanium is a highly biocompatible material with strength nearly equal to natural teeth.
  •  One should also prefer dental implants because no dietary restrictions are associated with them. You can continue to eat whatever healthy food items you want.

Last but not the least; dental implants can give you back your natural smile and confidence which gets affected due to missing teeth and unsettled oral cavity.

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