A traumatic brain injury could be of a primary or of a secondary nature but in any case, a patient must never be left alone. Patients with traumatic brain injuries must be provided with critical care by experienced and learned nurses. While a person with a harsher head injury must be kept in the hospital till they completely recover, the ones with mild head injuries can be left at home but only under the care of a nurse and with the doctor’s permission.
It is difficult to figure out the caring procedures of traumatic injuries. To make it easy, here are some of the basic rules:
The vitals and neurological conditions of a patient must be regularly assessed. The assessment must involve testing the reflexes, muscle posturing, the size of pupil and reactivity, breathing pattern, pain response and spontaneous movement.
Dealing With Anxiety:
Depending on the circumstances of the injury, anxiety is a common side effect that is observed in the patients with a head injury. A nurse must assess the patient’s level of anxiety and use tactics to reduce such episodes. Activities such as visualization, deep breathing and, in extreme cases, sedatives must be involved to bring the anxiety under control.
It is important that adequate levels of oxygen are provided to the brain tissues. It not only helps in taking care of the patient, but also helps the patient in their recovery.
It is natural to find extreme behavioral changes in the patient. A very polite speaking person might turn into a loud and frustrated one. A brain injury brings along a series of psychological, emotional and intellectual impairments. Nurses and family members have to be very patient and figure out a way to deal with it based on combined effort. In many head injuries, there is also a high chance of memory loss. In this case, a list of things must be kept to help ease the patient through this tough time.
It is the responsibility of the nursing staff to make sure that the patient gets enough rest throughout the day. It is best to avoid any sort of extreme physical activity or mental stress that might affect the head injury.
Medication must be given to the patient on time. Also, use of drugs or alcohol should not be allowed in such a condition.
A head injury is a very critical injury and if not taken proper care of, it might result in some long term and permanent damage to the patient.